The Peoples Chronicle
Shu Chien (1931-)
Pioneer Chinese American Bioengineer
Debananda S. Ningthoujam, PhD
The scientist in today’s column is an exceptional researcher, instructor, mentor and citizen. He integrates biomedical sciences and engineering at all levels-from molecules and genes to cells and tissues to organs and systems. He has been studying how blood flow and pressure affect the blood vessels and gene expression in enthothelial cells.
He has won several accolades for his trailblazing contributions in bioengineering.
He has indeed come a long way from his humble beginnings in China and Taiwan to the hallowed portals of University of California at San Diego (UCSD).
Who is this trailblazing scientist?
Chien was born on June 23, 1931 in Beijing, China. He grew up in Shanghai and was a premedical student in Peking University (PKU) in 1949 when he and his family left for Taiwan during the communist turmoil in china.
He received his medical degree from National Taiwan University (NTU) in 1953and then went to the US for further studies.
Shu earned his PhD from Columbia University in 1957.
Chien was an instructor at Columbia in 1957 and was promoted to Assistant Professor in 1958. In 1964, he became an Associate Professor.
Chien worked in Columbia as Professor during 1969 to 1988. He took a sabbatical in 1987-88 when he founded the Taiwan Institute of Biomedical Sciences.
In 1988, Chien joined the faculty at the University of California San Diego (UCSD).
He also became the founding director of the Institute of Biomedical Engineering.
Chien’sresearch has been focused on how blood flow and pressure affects blood vessels and signal processing and gene expression in endothelial cells.
In 1967, Chien’s group discovered that the flow of red blood cells (RBCs) does not follow Newtonian behaviour and this characteristic is fundamental to aiding red blood cells to squeeze through capillaries. He and his associates further discovered the importance of malleability of RBCs in passing through tiny pores smaller than the cell’s diameter. Put differently, healthy RBCs can ‘deform’ and squeeze through the tiny pores and this deformation helps lower the viscosity of the blood and facilitate he blood flow.
His team also discovered that erythrocytes can aggregate to form rouleaux (like piles of coins) due to their disc-like shapes and that this capacity was crucial in modulating viscosity and regulating blood flow. He and his colleagues elucidated the mechanical, electrical, and biochemical processes involved in blood flow and erythrocyte function. These discoveries demonstrated that the shape of red blood cells is not accidental but is a highly efficient ‘nature’s design’ meant for effective transportation.
Currently, Shu is investigating the mechanisms by which blood pressure and flow regulate the behaviour of cells in blood vessels, including the endothelial cells that line the blood vessels. His work has illuminated the ways by which forces with a clear direction (as seen in straight parts of the blood vessels) can protect the vessels from atherosclerosis and how forces without a clear direction (as seen in the branch points) make the vessels vulnerable to atherosclerosis. Of late, his team has been developing novel approaches to assess the optimum microenvironment for growth and differentiation of stem cells. His group has invented a machine for facilitating the growth and differentiation of stem cells.
Dr Chien has so far published over 500 peer-reviewed papers and other articles and 12 books.
Chien is married to Kuang-chung Hu Chien, MD and they have two daughters: May Chien Busch and Ann Chien Guidera.
Prof Shu Chien has written 12 books including Bioengineering in Cell and Tissue Research (2008), Biomaterials (1994). Molecular Biology of the cardiovascular System (1990), Vascular Endothelial System in Health and Disease (1988) and Handbook of Bioengineering (1987) etc.
Shu Chien’s amazing life and career will inspire several generations of aspiring young scientists, especially those with strong interests in bioengineering.
The Town planning, green building, recreational parks and zoning are some of the newest aspects of environmental law in India and in our state Manipur. However in the recent past our urbanisation has created a chaotic situation which has invited more and more disaster in almost all over crowded localities in Manipur. The urban planning in Manipur does not satisfy the requirement of eco-friendly buildings, proper zoning and other developments, which are conductive to maintain or sustain the environment. The requirement of environmental law and its spirits demand eco-architectural sense in town planning, building constructions, zoning and other developments.
Manipur is changing fast and town planning has a key role to play in developing the State's towns and surrounding. Population growth town development and environmental sustainability present major challenges for the planning profession, not only in Manipur but across the country. The rapid increase in Manipur's urban population has put tremendous pressure on available public utilities and facilities in Imphal are facing housing shortages. In fact, effective planning strategies can have a hugely positive effect on peoples' living conditions and lives.
Requirements for Town Planning
There should be no haphazard method in planning process
Civic amenities like shopping centres, dispensaries, schools, public park should be provided to the citizens
To supply adequate open spaces and reserve plots for future expansion of the Imphal town.
Public and semi – public buildings and transport should be categorised and distributed throughout the Imphal town
The unplanned growth of Imphal town should be controlled and environmental protection should be provided in the township by relevant provision and even on every leirak at locality level.
Drainage system, road construction, water facilities, electricity grids, transportation facility, all are important factors which should be kept in mind while construction. In fact all measures should be taken for protection of town from natural changes like earth-quakesand floods.
Why Town Planning
If planning is not done then houses in Manipur, particularly in Imphal may emerged before installation of electricity grids and water supply systems. Hospitals can be raised at the unapproachable area. And it is important to keep in mind that town planning is not limited to the development of streets and civic amenities. It shall be encompassing all the facilities with aesthetic surroundings and to provide the better standards of living to the people
Town planning will not prosper if it does not match the expectations of people. Therefore the planning should be creative enough which can attract the attention of public. The beauty along with all facilities will fulfil the feelings of civic pride among people. And purpose of these towns to give improve quality of life will be solved.
However urban planning must recognise regional limits to development in order to maintain natural habitats and biodiversity, which is so important to our continued existence.
Conservation of our natural landscape is necessary to maintain ecosystem function and biodiversity, but there is also great opportunity for the sensitive redevelopment of many previously developed areas. Though earlier families were used to emerge by themselves, but now a proper planning has to be done to avoid any problem in the future. A properly planned structure helps in utilising the land capability and it's resources to its maximum.
The author is BSc, LLM with Specialisation in Environmental Law and Legal Order
Dr. Joychandra Thongam (Ph.D.)
Double Doctorate, Gold medalist in Theology.
One day Jesus asked His disciples, His inner circle of 12 most intimate followers, the most important question He would ever ask them. When Jesus came to the region of Caesarea Philippi, lie asked His disciples, "Who do people say the Son of Man is ?" They replied, " Some say John the Baptist; others say Elijah; arid still others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets." "But what about you?" Ile asked. "Who do you say' I Am ?" Simon Peter answered, "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God." Jesus replied, "Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah, for this was not revealed to you by man, but by My Father in heaven. And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build My church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it. I will give you the keys of the Kingdom of heaven ; whatever you bind on earth in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven " Matthew 1 6: 13- 1 9.
The Greek word for," church" is Ecclesia, a word that is widely-misunderstood. Because it is translated word as "church" most people believe that Ecclesia is a religious word. It is not. Ecclesia is a governmental term. It literally means " called-out ones" and was used by the Greeks to refer to the senate or other political groups that were chosen by the "democrat," or government. The Greeks invented the concept of democracy but never really applied it. But when the Romans overran the Greek empire, they adopted much of Greek thought and philosophy, including democracy and developed them. This is how Caesar developed such a powerful government.
In the Roman Empire, the senate-the Ecclesia-was like the cabinate in a modern democracy. The senate was the powerhouse. These individuals were handpicked by the emperor to receive his thoughs, his desires, his passion, and his intent. Their job was to take the mind of the king and turn it into legislation that could be implemented in the kingdom. In other words, they were to know his mind and see that everything he wished was carried out. This meant that they had to give them information about what he wanted in the kingdom,
The fact that Jesus used Ecclesia to describe the body of followers that He was establishing tells us two things. First, the word church itself is a political rather than a religious term. And second, this entire discussion about the keys and about binding and loosing is not a religious but a political discussion.
In effect, Jesus was saying, " In the same way that Caesar is Lord of his government, and has created his senate, his senate, his Ecclesia, his cabinet, I also will build My cabinet on the fact that I am the Christ, the " anointed king," the Lord of lords and Son of the living God." He said to Peter, "Upon the rock of your confession of who I am." I am build My Government. I will build My senate, My cabinate, My administrations who will carry out My wishes and My will." So Jesus established not a religion but a political force.
The Ecclesia, therefore, is a secret group entrusted with secret information critical for the operation of the Kingdom. This group will be so powerful that even the "gates of hades will not overcome it." Another way to translate that phrase is, " the gates of hades will not prove stronger than it." Even hell itself will not be as strong as the Ecclesia that Jesus is establishing.
What is the "secret information" that Jesus gives His cabinate ? He says, "will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven ; whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven (Mt. 18:18). "He gives them-give us-the keys of the Kingdom not the keys to the kingdom. As Kingdom citizens, we are already in the Kingdom; we don't need the keys to it. What we need and what Jesus has given us-are the , keys of the Kingdom-the keys that will unlock the power of the Kingdom and make it work in our lives. Kingdom citizens and only Kingdom citizens have these keys. Citizenship in the Kingdom is a pre-requisite for getting them (Eph. 2:19).
What this means is what we who are Kingdom citizens are supposed to be operating on a level that blows other people's mind. We should have access to a power that mystifies those who are not yet in the Kingdom. We are supposed to be living life at a certain level where we are tapping into resources that others cannot explain.
In a very real sense, that' what the church is (or what it is supposed to be) : an embassy ! The church is not a religious place.
When Jesus established His Ecclesia, He did not have a religious institution in mind.
His purpose was
1. To set up an embassy of His Kingdom (2 Cor. 5:20).
2. To set up a place where Kingdom citizens (new and old) could receive aid.
3. To trained in the ways, laws and language.
4. To trained in the customs of the Kingdom.
5. To be equipped with the Kingdom resources they need for effective life in the Kingdom on earth.
Biblilical Professor Doctor Myles Munroe said, "There is nothing as powerful as a right concept and nothing more dangerous thing than a misconception."
The Supreme Court of India has once again delivered a very significant judgement which will go a long way in putting a check on the obnoxious VIP culture which has permeated the whole country. In its verdict of Tuesday, Dec 10, 2013, the Supreme Court of India banned the use of red non-flashing beacon lights by anyone accept by Constitutional authorities. The order further restricted the use of blue flashing beacon lights to ambulances, police and emergency services and also said that sirens could only be used on emergency and police vehicles, adding a rider that it should not be “unduly harsh and shrill”.For all those who want to announce to the whole world that they are on move in a classy vehicle, the judgement has also banned all kinds of multi sound emitting horns and musical horns on vehicles. Coming down harshly on the practice of using beacon lights on vehicles by those in position of authority and calling it reminiscent of British Raj, the apex court directed the Central and state governments bring in a law in a month's time. Starting right from the national capital which is also the capital of VVIPs and VIPs, to the state capitals, to the districts headquarters and lower down the administrative tier, we find this all-encompassing prevalence of a culture where those in any position of authority use every means available to separate themselves from the common people, enhance their importance and seek special privileges. And the phenomenon of the beacon lights is one such means which have been notoriously exploited by these so called VIPs, and by extension, by their kith and kins. Using these privileges, these VIPs flout all kinds of rules and bulldoze over due processes. For the public, seeing VIPs, especially those addicted to the red beacon culture, flouting traffic rules is the most common sight. This happens, all across the country but in Manipur, the practice is phenomenal, so much so that we would really find it strange if any VIPs actually wait for any signal from the traffic police personnel manning the various traffic islands. On top of it, there are personnel from the army, para-military forces and the state police for whom jumping traffic lights come most naturally. The public of course is greatly inconvenienced by all these VIPs who bulldoze their way on the roads, in offices, banks and even in social functions, gatherings and festivities. And the sad part is, everybody takes it as a part of life, as something which has to be endured. There is no protest over this culture of privileges, no effort to fight it. Rather, it is not uncommon to find a sneaking admiration, tinged with envy of course, for all these people who have made it. This sort of mindset also needs to change and change fast. The Supreme Court verdict aimed at scrapping some of these undeserved and overreaching privileges of our VVIPs and VIPs is a welcome step. We would like Manipur government to frame the appropriate laws to implement this verdict at the earliest, as it is most required in this state. We would much appreciate it if our political leaders show the way and lead a life which is more in tune with the common man, who not only do not have any privileges but have to make do with all sorts of deprivations.
11 December 2013:Both KIYC, Kshetri Iril Mapal and M Songgel Youth Club on Wednesday registered crucial wins in the qualifying round of CC Meet to advance to the final round of the tournament.
BMSC, Taobung Khok went down fighting as KIYC turned the tides after a 1-0 deficit to snatch a 2-1 triumph. It was a pretty tight first half as both sides battled through scoreless 42 minutes until Rishikanta found the net for BMSC in the 43rd minute, before KIYC drew level through M Romi Meitei’s quick-fire after two minutes.
Then came the second goal for KIYC when Yangmi struck in the 56th minute to send his team to the final round of CC Meet.
The second match of the day saw M Soggel Youth Club securing an easy 3-1 win over Ninou FC, Saday Hills.
M Songgel’s two early goals laid the foundation for their comfortable victory. It was Jamchinlen who sprung surprise and had the Ninou defence in tatters when he struck only three minutes into the game and doubled his tally after two minutes.
The second half, however, was an even game as the two sides settled for a share of the spoils with a goal apiece only to propel M Songgel to a 3-1 victory and book their place in the final round. Songgel found their third goal courtesy of Haosei in the 78th minute. Ninnou FC managed to get their lone goal through Thangjagin Haokip in the 78th minute.
11 December 2013:Boys and girls teams of Manipur entered quarter-finals of the 59th National School Games in Sepak Takraw U-19 after beating their respective opponents on Wednesday. The competition being held at Khuman Lampak Indoor Stadium is organized by YAS, Manipur under the aegis of School Games Federation of India.
In the girls event, Manipur put up a dazzling performance to post a dominant 3-0 win over Delhi. The losing side fell 15-3, 15-9, 15-2 to state girls who have now advanced to the quarter-finals.
State boys team pulled off similar feats when they beat Gujarat 3-0 (15-4, 15-2, 15-3) to book a quarter-final berth.
Also, the state neighbour Mizoram notched up a convincing 3-0 victory over Odisha.
Results summary: Girls event - Odisha beat Assam 3-0 (15-11, 15-8, 15-5), Manipur beat Delhi 3-0 (15-3, 15-9, 15-2), Assam beat Rajasthan 3-0 (15-2, 15-4, 15-6), Delhi beat Punjab 3-0 (15-10, 15-2, 15-7).
Boys event: Odisha beat Assam 3-0 (16-14, 15-9, 15-13), Andhra Pradesh beat Assam 3-0 (17-15, 15-2, 15-3), Uttar Pradesh beat Maharastra 3-0 (18-8, 15-10, 15-10), Manipur Gujarat 3-0 (15-4, 15-2, 15-3), Delhi beat Vidhya Bharti 3-0 (15-1, 15-8, 15-4), Mizoram beat Odisha 3-0 (15-5, 15-6, 15-10), Rajasthan beat Maharastra 3-0 (15-13, 15-9, 15-10).
Two 11 December 2013:accused in the sensational TG student rape case have been sentenced to 15 years rigorous imprisonment by the District & Sessions Judge, Manipur East, Aribam Guneshwore.
The court pronounced the verdict on Wednesday amidst a packed courtroom and large crowd outside gathered in the court premises. Police took up stringent security measures to avoid any unwarranted incident.
The court also slapped a fine of Rs 35,000 each to the two accused namely Manipur police commando personnel Yumnam William and Manipuri digital film actor Thongam Tarun. The same court, in its last sitting on December 9, had ruled that both the accused guilty of gang-raping the school girl and Wednesday’s ruling was made under section 376 (2) (Gangrape) and 120 (B) of the IPC (Criminal Conspiracy).
It may be recalled the gang-rape incident of the school girl occurred on October 20, 2012 inside a road-side restaurant along the Tiddim road.
The term of sentence for William, 28, a resident of Khagempalli Pankha and Tarun, 29 of Thangmeiband Sinam Leikai will be extended for another three years if they fail to pay the fine amount, Judge Aribam Guneshwore said while pronouncing the verdict.
The learned Judge along with the announcement of convictions for the culprits further directed the Director (Social Welfare Department) to implement scheme for rape victims and provide financial assistance amounting Rs Rs.1.5 lakhs each to rape victims. The court further directed state government to frame suitable rules and regulations which are to be maintained by the road-side restaurant so as to minimise crimes related with sexual abuse of girls and women.
Meanwhile, tight security arrangement was made in and around Cheirap Court Complex at Uripok where the Sentence Hearing was conducted for more than five hours as large numbers of people including Meira Paibis and relatives of the victim girl waited outside the court complex till announcement of the judgement which was made at around 3 pm.
No sooner had the learned Judge pronounced the verdict, relatives and mother of the girl along with women Meira Paibis expressed dissatisfaction and started shouting slogans like “We are not satisfied with the judgement”, “We demanded life-imprisonment to the rapists”, “Hang rapists”, “Resign Judge’ etc.
As the intensity of the demonstration outside the court complex increased, the two accused were briefly held up inside court premises, police had to resort to lathi charging the demonstrators. Two persons including a close relative of the victim girl and a woman demonstrator were hurt in the police action.
Later, both the accused were finally escorted back to Jail under tight security without any casualty despite several assault attempted by the demonstrators. The demonstrators also hurled stones at the prison van in which the two accused were carried away from the court complex.
On the other hand, explaining the gravity of the case and quantum of punishment to the culprits, Public Prosecutor Tejkumar told the mediapersons at Cheirap Court Complex Wednesday afternoon that the court has delivered justice.
He also said that any instances of sexual abuse or violations of rights of women should be brought to legal process for proper trial by timely filing FIR to police instead of finding solution through mob justice. The justice has been delivered through a proper trial and such quick delivery of justice by the court will certainly reduce the crime against women in the state, he added.
It may also be recalled that during the course of hearing, statements of 22 witnesses were recorded and the two accused had been detained 417 days in jail during the trial and the said numbers of days spent in the jail will be set off from the period of their imprisonment.
11 December 2013:A combined team of Thoubal police commandos and troops of the 15 Assam Rifles of 9 Sector AR under IGAR(S), 12 Para eliminated at least three cadres of Kuki National Front (Nehlun) during an encounter.
According to a release of the PRO IGAR(S), the encounter took place at around 6.30 am Wednesday in a hilly and thick wooded area near Bungbal Khullen in Senapati district.
The IGAR(S) release further stated that encounter took placed when the combined team of security forces was conducting a combing operation at Bungbal Khullen.
During the exchange of fire, at least three cadres belonging to KNF(N) were killed while one cadre managed to escaped under the cover of thick jungle, the release said.
One M-16 Rifle with 300 live rounds, one Ak-47 with 93 live rounds, one G-3 Rifle with 173 live rounds, four live rounds 12 Bore Rifle, 34 live rounds of US Carbine, two notebooks containing incrminating details and other war like stores were recovered from the possession of the slain cadres, who all were wearing combat pattern dress, the release added.
The dead bodies and all the arms and ammunitions and other recovered items have been handed over to Yairipok police station, the IGAR(S) release added.
Meanwhile, Imphal West District Police CDOs arrested two active members of UPPK from Kwakeithel and Moirangkhom areas on Dec 10.
A resident of Wanging Tentha Khunjao, the apprehended cadre has been identified as Moirangthem Kalachand Singh @ Biren presently residing at Kwakeithel Mayai Koibi.
The other cadre Khumuckham Bishworjit @ Nanao hails from Moirangkhom Bazar.
A release of SP, Imphal West said five Chinese hand grenades with detonators were recovered from the possession of Kalachand.
11 December 2013:For not complying the ban on mining stones and sand from Sekmai River by Sekmai Protection Committee, Sekmai and Advanced Women Society, Sekmai imposed on June 1 this year, a truck was burnt by a mob. Picnicking along the backs of the river had also been banned for the time being.
The truck burnt for ferrying stones from Sekmai river bore the registration number MN 01/5108, and belonged to Kh Chandramani, son of Achou from Awang Sekmai
Speaking about the incident, Sekmai Protection Committee president Angom Rojesh said that the ban imposed was not for any personal agenda but was an effort to preserve the deteriorating ecology and environment of the state which included lowered water tables and water shortage in various nearby fields.
He also reiterated that according to a notification of Green Tribunal, a ban was imposed on mining sand and stones from Sekmai river but since it was not enforced in practice, the citizens decided to act. For not complying with the ban, an infuriated mob torched the truck. He also stated that since the Sekmai river is a good picnic spot, huge number of picnickers converged at the river every year but a ban on the same had been imposed for some time.
11 December 2013:After days of uncertainty over landing of regular future international flights in Manipur, the Advisor to Prime Minister of India TKA Nair has reportedly expressed that he will apprise the Ministry of Home Affairs to initiate necessary steps required for the smooth traveling procedures of foreign tourist to the border state. Nair’s comment comes in the wake of urging by the State’s Principal Secretary Commerce & Industries O Nabakishore Singh on the relaxation of Protected Area Permit (PAP) which hinders foreign tourist to visit the state.
The PAP system was earlier relaxed on an annual basis by the State Home Department after an instruction of the Home Ministry. The relaxation ceased to be in operation on December 31, 2012 and has not been renewed.
Sources informed that on December 6, an Indo-Myanmar meet was held to help promote trade and commerce between the two neighbouring countries where Nair took the Chair. During the gathering, Nabakishore requested Nair to consider relaxation of the PAP system in Manipur. Interestingly, discussions on condition of the ongoing construction of the Integrated Check post at the border town of Moreh and yet to build Timber Park were held.
Nabakishore pointed out that ordinary Myanmarese desire to access the health care, education, and business opportunity available in Manipur, and want to develop strong relationship with the state. However, PAP has restricted them and will prevent them from harnessing facilities available in Manipur.
Efforts are on to start the Imphal-Mandalay bus service at the earliest. As such, the need to relax PAP is an utmost need failing which the very purpose of starting the bus service as well as conversion of the state airport into that of an international one remains absolutely meaningless and unreasonable.
Nair had reportedly informed that the issue related with PAP will be immediately looked into. In fact, Joint Secretary of Ministry of Economic Affairs had expressed wishes to relax PAP and to convince Home Ministry for its removal.
Sources further added during the Dec 6 meeting, it was discussed that constructions of ICP were halted for a while after controversy erupted with Myanmar Authority over Border Pillar No. 78. The constructions have now been resumed. Land Port Authority of India has expressed that it will not allow the ongoing Border dispute to be factor in construction of ICP.
The project of developing the Integrated Check Post costs Rs 93 crore, and the 45.5 acres of land where it is to be constructed has been handed over to the paramilitary Assam Rifles in June 2010. However, the task was awarded in March earlier this year only. The ICP is supposed to house visa-on-arrival facility, warehouse, and immigration office among others.
Nabakishore also added that the site of ICP stands variably close to a camp of the Assam Rifles, and requests for increasing security strength has been made to the paramilitary force and the Manipur Government from the side of the Land Port authorities at which it was assured by the state government to so the needful at the earliest given the importance for construction of the ICP.
As of the yet-to-develop Timber Park, Nabakishore expressed optimism that it has high expectations that construction of it will provide much benefit to the unemployed youths of the state. In fact, the state government has assorted some 400 acres of land for the construction site of the Park to be set up under the Special Economic Zone. Regarding this, Nair had asked for the Project Report of the proposed Park so as to decide sanctioning of relevant funds.