The Peoples Chronicle
One of the saddest sights in animal welfare is to see an animal hoarder. My organization kept receiving complaints about the terrible smell coming from a flat in Vasant Kunj. I sent a girl to meet the owner. He was a middle-aged man who lived alone and he claimed that he rescued sick animals from the streets. We cautioned him to keep his flat clean and to take care of the dogs properly. A year later the complaints had intensified. The man had disappeared and, with the help of the police, we broke into his flat. There were over 30 dogs. The flat was covered in faeces and urine. The windows were closed but the fans were on in the middle of winter. There were litters of new born puppies. All the animals were starving and there was no water. One animal had chewed its paws off. There were two dead bodies in cupboards. It was the flat of a crazed human being. The neighbours told us that this man did not even sleep in the flat any more. He slept in his car. He had never taken the dogs out. He simply picked up animals at random and brought them to his flat to die.
This man is a scientist working in a laboratory who had been dismissed two years ago and since then his behaviour had become increasingly more erratic. From a person who simply used to feed street animals he had started hoarding them. I took all these poor animals to my hospital and we are still trying to find them homes. We did not find the man then, but one week later we received a call that he had started picking up dogs again and taking them to his flat. The team and police rushed to his flat to find two more dogs. He was sitting there with a long beard with bits of food in it, an awful smell coming from him. I called his father from Kerala to take him away.
In another case a girl who lived in a paying guest accommodation of one room and a bathroom filled up the place with small cages of starved dogs and cats, over 20 of them. The girl had worked for a while in my hospital. She was a sensible, capable, passionate young lady. One day she simply quit and disappeared. It turned out that her engagement had broken, she had left her home, rented this accommodation and then started collecting animals. I am surprised her landlady said nothing – it was the neighbours who complained. We picked up the animals but she went to the police and demanded them back, and ultimately I had to step in. I promised her that she could have her animals back if she went in for treatment.
In another case I received a call from a very frightened woman in Mumbai who said that the neighbours in her apartment block were threatening to kill her and had gone to the police saying that she had murdered someone in her flat as the smell was so horrible. She said that she had a few cats but she was very particular about cleanliness and this was simply a case of people being vicious as she lived alone. I believed her as I have found that in every case where a woman lives alone with animals, the worst kind of sadism is generated in people who live nearby. We have had dozens of such people put into jail who simply want to be mean to a woman and use animals as an excuse. However, in this case the woman turned out to have 32 cats in three rooms, none sterilized and all breeding all the time. This is unacceptable. Our animal groups stepped in to help her and I intervened with the police to do nothing but the incident was not happy.
Animal hoarders are not animal welfare people. The pathological accumulation of animals was first described in 1981 and animal hoarding was formally defined in public health literature in 1999 using the following criteria:
“Having more than the typical number of companion animals. Failing to provide even minimal standards of nutrition, sanitation, shelter, and veterinary care, with this neglect often resulting in illness and death from starvation, spread of infectious disease, and untreated injury or medical condition. Persistence, despite this failure, in accumulating and controlling animals.”
Compulsive Hoarding can be characterized as a symptom of mental disorder rather than deliberate cruelty towards animals. It often results from a variety of traumatic experiences which result in dysfunctional compulsive and addictive behaviour.
Hoarders are deeply attached to their pets and cannot comprehend that they are harming them by failing to provide them with proper care.
Many characteristics of animal hoarding are similar to those exhibited by hoarders of inanimate objects - accumulation of large quantity of objects and/or trash that render living spaces non-functional, refusal to discard, living in clutter and squalor, denial of the conditions, reluctance to seek or accept help, alienation from family and friends, etc. The stereotype of an animal hoarder is that of a single, older person, living alone and socioeconomically disadvantaged. However, it is important to recognize that hoarding knows no age, gender, or socioeconomic boundaries. It has been observed in men and women, young and old, married as well as never married or widowed, and in people with professional or white collar jobs. It is not uncommon for hoarders to be secretive, living essentially a "double life" at work vs. at home
Animal hoarders’ impaired judgment and actions results in a great deal of animal suffering. Although hoarding may start out as a seemingly benevolent mission to save animals, eventually the needs of the animals become lost to the person's needs for control. The resulting compulsive caregiving is pursued to fulfill unmet human needs, while the real needs of the animals are ignored or disregarded.
Is animal hoarding a crime? The keeping of animals is not a crime but when that results in suffering for the animals, it is. Examples include: animals with serious medical problems that are not receiving adequate veterinary care; animals without adequate food or water; animals exposed to temperature extremes without adequate shelter or bedding; and animals held in enclosures that are filthy. Gary Patronek, of the Center for Animals and Public Policy at Tufts University, defines hoarding as "pathological human behaviour that involves a compulsive need to obtain and control animals, coupled with a failure to recognize their suffering." It is linked to obsessive compulsive disorder, addiction, and dementia. Hoarders display symptoms of delusional disorder. They lack insight into the extent of deterioration in their habitations and on the health of their animals, refusing to acknowledge that anything is wrong. Furthermore, hoarders may believe they have "a special ability to communicate and/or empathize with animals", rejecting any offers of assistance. Another reason for animal hoarding is attachment disorder which is characterized by an inability to form "close relationships with other humans in adulthood". Sufferers may turn to animals for companionship. Hoarders have issues with authority figures and accepting intervention. They believe they are the only ones who can adequately care for animals and find it hard to refuse any new animals.
The number of animals involved is not a factor in identifying hoarding. The issue is the owner’s inability to provide care for the animals and his/her refusal to acknowledge that both the animals and the household are deteriorating. For instance, in one case, 11 cats were seized from a room. It smelt so bad that no one could breathe, even the stove and sink were filled with feline waste. Yet, I know someone with 59 rescued dogs in his farmhouse, properly fed, spayed, vaccinated, and groomed.
Communities contribute to animal hoarding when people want to get rid of their pets but feel guilty about taking them to a shelter. Instead, without investigation, they drop their unwanted pets off with the neighbourhood ‘cat lady’ who will refuse no animal. I know one Bengali woman who started a small animal shelter in Delhi but it simply became a place where people dumped sick animals that were put into filthy, unsanitary cages till they died. The woman shouted and fought all the time. In the beginning I defended and encouraged her thinking it was a proper shelter with a doctor and rehabilitation protocols. After a few years it dawned on me that this was simply hoarding and I stopped helping her. She ran away one day when the animals started getting distemper and parvo, unable to cope with the pile on. This should not be confused with animal shelters that are overcrowded but whose staff is doing their best to cope with the cruelty of people who come and dump their own animals there.
MR Narayan Swamy
As Prime Minister Narendra Modi begins to build a relationship with Sri Lanka's new leadership, the one thing he needs to be wary of is the extremist Tamil position in the island nation.
Modi made history by becoming the first Indian prime minister to visit Sri Lanka after 1987 when Rajiv Gandhi went to Colombo to sign a pact to end Tamil separatism, which eventually consumed his life in 1991.
Modi won many hearts by becoming the first Indian leader to visit Jaffna, the Tamil heartland which is also the hub for the Northern Provincial Council (NPC) headed by Chief Minister C.V. Wigneswaran.
This is where Modi came across an intransigent Wigneswaran. This is a critical time for Sri Lanka, which is trying, not successfully though, to overcome decades of ethnic strife that has split the island dominantly between the Sinhalese, the majority community, and the Tamils.
The end of the military conflict in May 2009 led to boisterous Sinhalese frenzy and a defeated Tamil psyche as the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) was crushed.
Further strains were introduced when Mahinda Rajapaksa, after losing the presidential election in January this year, blamed the West and - specifically - India for his defeat at the hands of Maithripala Sirisena.
The presidential election outcome was itself a close affair, showing that Rajapaksa still has wide support in Sinhalese areas. Since then, he has been attracting massive crowds at public meetings.
It was at such a sensitive juncture that the NPC, overseen by Wigneswaran, passed a resolution in February, just before Sirisena landed in India on his first trip abroad, accusing successive Sri Lankan governments of committing "genocide" against the Tamils.
It went on to say that Tamils have no hope for justice in any Sri Lankan mechanism, whether conducted by the Rajapaksa or Sirisena or any regime, and sought international intervention.
Needless to say, the move hugely embarrassed India. It was also just what Rajapaksa needed to show his Sinhalese constituency that Sirisena's election had emboldened extremist Tamils.
If this was't enough, Wigneswaran, at the Jaffna meeting where he received Modi, called for talks between the Sri Lankan and Indian governments as well as the Northern and Eastern Provincial Councils to resolve Tamil issues "in an innovative and creative manner".
This is akin to the Hurriyat seeking to involve India, Pakistan and itself over Jammu and Kashmir.
Wigneswaran's demand in Modi's presence came shortly after the Indian prime minister had met leaders of the Tamil National Alliance, the party to which the chief minister too belongs, and called for patience.
It is surprising that Wigneswaran sought to bypass his own party by demanding direct talks between his provincial council as well as Colombo and New Delhi.
Indeed, after the NPC resolution on "genocide", friends of India in Sri Lanka suggested that it would be best if Modi avoided a public engagement involving Wigneswaran in Colombo or Jaffna.
The argument was that Wigneswaran seemed to be acting at the behest of the pro-LTTE Tamil Diaspora in the West and his words and actions could only show Tamils as extremists - and fuel appropriate Sinhalese backlash.
This is the last thing that India - and Modi - need now.
As India tries to help join the disjointed Sri Lanka jigsaw, which by itself is no easy task, it has to be borne in mind that Tamil extremism is essentially anti-Indian. It has always been so and will always be so.
India must be wary of being seen to be supportive of extremists - of any kind in Sri Lanka. It is no surprise that Wigneswaran gets the loudest cheers from Tamils in the West opposed to any reconciliation in Sri Lanka.
The mango trees have flowered and the wind is trying hard to blow it away. It will be accompanied by sporadic rains. Yes, we are talking about the spring season. With the steady hike in the temperatures we are on to change our makeup tools, tactics and products. Replacing of warm clothes by latest trend spring and summer attire chore is going on in every household. Lacy sandals are out again. When everything is taken care of aren’t we missing something that does not sound very vital but it really is!
When I tried combing my hair recently, I found it quite frizzy. It is much drier. I feel like shampooing it every alternate day. An empowered attraction of pollutants towards it rose up. The wind is blowing away the moisture of my hair as well. The result is going to be frizzy, damaged, broken and split ends. Finally the time to take care of such worries has arrived.
To tame the fly-aways, you will have to take certain hair care steps that can be done at home and sometimes if required asking for some help from professionals in the beauty salons around will help. The very first step you need to carry out is to trim the ends a little. If you have split ends trim it off. Do not worry, it will grow up again and this time it is going to get healthier. This is how you should depart from the cold winter beating.
It is time to work on moisturising and nourishing your hair. Go for the right hair serum depending on the type of your hair. Applying anti frizz serum is a must if you use blow drying. Apply it just before you start the drying process as it seals and smooth out the hair cuticle. It is worth mentioning that serums are usually applied starting from the mid shaft to the ends. This saves you from an unwashed hair look.
It is also the right time to switch your moisturising winter shampoos and conditioners. Start using normal shampoo and conditioner as the mositurising range will add to the damp and oily look of the highly humid weather. Try using UV protecting shampoos, conditioners and sprays. It will keep the sun damage away from your hair. Leave in conditioners will also help.
While styling products add beauty to the look it also has side effects as well (worth mentioning). Many youngsters have already made friends with the styling tools. Therefore, to tame the frizzy hair, run the straightening or curling tool. This is the best way to cool down the look. A mist of anti-humidity spray on dry hair just prior to the styling will work wonders. You can opt for touch ups with the same during the day. Yet, to be true, it is always better to go for natural hair drying and styling process. If you have never use those styling tools and have never exposed your hair to chemicals then you will find the frizzy and dry issues very rare. Thus yours is all natural and there is very little to worry about and to add to the natural cares. For very dry hair try applying few drops of hair oil after the usual shampoo. Wash it off and condition the hair as usual.
This season ask for colours. Go for hair colouring if you have the fondness. However, overall colouring may change the whole look. You will have to go for colour study and a wrong choice may affect the entire look. Being colourful does not mean giving an entire hue. The best and most fashionable trend is to bring in random highlighting while colouring. Let the hair stylist pick up random hair strands and highlight it with varied colours. Choose more than two colours but less than four. It is just sexy and has very less chance of encountering hair damaged which occurs in entire colouring process.
What if it rains!!! A plain pony tail saves a lot. You can add on braids and if you want to add a little style to it go for side French braids or fun twist, buns or tuck and rolls to save it from the rain. There is no rule that you should fasten or hold in all the hair strands to give a neat finish while styling. Let the shorter hair enjoy the air. A natural beauty is what everyone is looking for. Or just use booby pins to hold those to give a formal look. Avoid tight hairstyles as it pulls and tears the hair. Do not let the rain soaked hair remain like as it is. Dry it out properly if you do not find appropriate time to shampoo it. Remember to shampoo it the next day.
Love your hair; talk to your hair; learn from your hair. Touch it and feel to know it. While running in the comb if it tangles then it says it needs moisture and pampering with essential hair oils. Visit a spa to treat your hair once a month. This is, if truth be told, a genuine treat. You will also be able to get the right advice from the professionals. Stay away from the sun. An umbrella protection is a wise solution. Special care should be taken for coloured and highlighted hairs. You should know that sun lightens the hair colours. You are already asked to use UV protection hair care products thus.
The most important task for you in this season is brushing your hairs. Take a big wide toothed comb and brush as much as you can. It detangles the hair; smoothens and silken it. The increased blood circulation due to brushing enhances blood flow to the hair roots. It strengthens the hairs and push up growth too. Use gorgeously colourful hair accessories during this particular season. Make sure your choice matches your age. Choices should not be too exaggerated. On the other hand a trendy hat will make you stand out in the crowd. It is not just fashion but works as protection against the harsh sun as well.
The state cabinet on Friday announced May 30 as the date to hold elections to the six Autonomous District Councils (ADC) of the five hill districts and Sadar Hills sub-division. By June mid-week, all election-related activities will be completed and the new councils will be formed. Several organizations have been demanding timely conduct of the elections as the tenure of the current ADC members is drawing to an end. Now that the date has been fixed, the duty of the government machinery is to make the elections free and fair. In the past, there had been interference from non-state entities to these elections. This time, the government should ensure that such interferences do not happen. The first step towards achieving this goal lies in careful preparation of the electoral rolls by the State Election Commission so as to ensure that only genuine and eligible voters are listed. The next would be providing proper security to political parties, candidates and even the voters so that there are no untoward incidents and that influences through threats and other forms of illegal means are non-existent. All these steps are necessary for development of the hill districts, which is an important measure for safeguard of the rich culture and traditions, the equally rich environment and socio-economic growth of the state in general and people of the ADC areas in particular. And only the ADCs can work from the grassroots level to ensure such growth.
Objectives behind establishing the ADCs — to uphold and protect the interests of the local tribal people — were very clear, but so far it seems, these councils were merely relegated to implementing state schemes. The government should now work for more devolution of power to the ADCs to meet the objectives. Manipur cannot be fully developed if the hills lagged behind. With this objective in mind, efforts should be made to give more legislative and judicial power to the councils. This would be an important step to bring an end to casual and stopgap measures taken locally to resolve problems and setting up safeguard parameters. More power would also mean added responsibility; and the ADCs and their members should be fully prepared to handle any issue prudently. The members should also prove that they are able to properly deal with the powers which they would be receiving and work in the interest of the state. A fully integrated Manipur can only become a reality when there are no differences between the hill and the valley people in every aspect — be it power, finance, jobs or social status. Any shortcomings, deficiencies or imbalance issues should be mutually sorted out in a peaceful manner with the government providing amicable solutions by engaging all concerned and roping in experts. All citizens should work towards this direction with dedication and sincerity.
Cabinet Grants Recognition To Maram, Anal, Maring & Simte Dialects
The state cabinet on Friday has decided that the ADC elections for the hills will be conducted on May 30 as well as giving recognition to four tribal languages for studying in schools.
Chaired by CM O Ibobi Singh, the meeting was held at the conference room of his secretariat around three in the afternoon.
On the decisions reached at the meeting, government spokesperson and education minister Moirangthem Okendro confirmed on the schedule of the date for the polls adding results will be declared on June 8. Election timing will commence from 7 am and will conclude at 4.30 in the evening. Okendro also informed that Draft Electoral Roll for the polls will be published on March 30 while any changes can be done so before April 13. The final electoral roll will be published on April 20. Public notification of the ADC election will be released on April 30.
The minister continued, interested candidates are to file their nominations before May 6 which will be followed by scrutiny on the very next day. Nomination papers will be announced on May 11. Meanwhile, it is also being learnt that if the need for repolling arises, it will be done so on June 4. Counting will be on June 8 and the results will be declared by the RO concerned. All poll related activities will be concluded by June 15, added Okendro.
Earlier, the state cabinet after a meeting on March 23 had decided for conducting ADC elections on time. Accordingly, the State Election Commission had provided a tentative schedule for the ADC polls on the state government.
On Friday, during the cabinet meeting gave its recognition for teaching four tribal languages comprising of Anal, Maring, Simte and Maram at schools till Class VIII. Already, 13 tribal dialects have been given recognition for teaching at school level out of the 39 tribal dialects being spoken in the state.
In order to receive recognition of a language, it is necessary that there are more than 10, 000 speakers of the language and must have related literary items including dailies.
Based on the report of the Directorate of Language Planning and Implementation, Maram has a population of 45, 255 while Anal has 21, 242 speakers. Maring and Simte has 23, 238 and 11, 065 speakers. Recognition of a language would allow young students of the ethnic group to study their own languages as well as promote them.
Intensifying its agitation for their various demands, the All Manipur VDF (Village Defence Force) Welfare Association has called a 24-hour statewide general strike from Thursday midnight.
According to a release issued by secretary L Rabi of All Manipur VDF Welfare Association, the strike will be in force from March 27 midnight to March 28 midnight.
Earlier on March 25, many VDF personnel were injured when police resorted to firing tear gas and live bullets in the air to foil their rally marching towards the chief minister’s residence to submit their charter of demands.
Their demands include payment of Rs 10,000 as monthly honorarium and 13-month salary system among others.
Refuting the tall claim of Manipur police regarding arrest of a suspect of the March 11 Khwairamband temporary market shed blast and assigning the arrested person as URF cadre, the United Revolutionary Front, Manipur said the outfit is not related with 33-year-old Md Najir Khan of Phoubakchao, who was arrested by police in connection with the blast that left three killed and 23 injured.
PRO police R K Tutusana had on March 24 claimed that the arrested Md Najir Khan triggered the IED which was handed over to him by some unidentified persons sent by the URF chairman.
A URF statement issued by Panthoi Leima, assistant secretary, publicity & information however said the outfit was not involved in the Khwairamband blast and had any relation with the person arrested by police.
While clarifying that the outfit has no cadre called Md Najir Khan, son of Md Abdul Helim Khan of Phoubakchao in its ranks and files, the URF statement said Najir Khan’s family too should not accept the police claim and the minority community which Najir belong should understand that it was a secret tactics adopted by government forces against the community.
It is right time for the community to launch movement to save the community and also to expose truth about Khwairamband blast to the people, the URF statement said. On the other hand, the outfit said it has started collecting monetary donations from contractors as well from private and government institutions under the command of Special Finance (One) Jiban Meitei and Special Finance (two) Mani Meitei. Seeking pardon from the people if it had done anything wrong in the past, the URF said the outfit is committed to revolutionary movement and will use all its might, courage and fight till the last breath against the colonial forces.
A team of Anti-Corruption branch Imphal of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) raided food storage of the Food Corporation of India located at Sangaiprou.
Sources said the raid started Friday morning at about 10.30 and continued till 5.45pm and the entire operation was conducted under the supervision of DSP Ak Bhattacharjee following report of illegal activities inside the premises of the FCI storage.
The source further said Imphal branch of the central investigating agency conduct surprise raids at branches of central establishments in the state to check illegal activity. Friday’s raid was based on receipt of reports of illegal activity inside Sangaiprou food storage and also to ascertain actual stock positions, the source said, adding a thorough investigation will be carried out with the data collected on Friday and the requisite stock position. Necessary action would be taken up if there happens to any variation in stock positions.
Acting on eviction order issued earlier, all the shops and business establishments located on eastern banks of Nambul river in Paona Bazar have been evicted in a drive conducted on Friday afternoon.
State government had earlier notified an eviction order asking shops owners of the area to vacate within March 15 to 24 and accordingly a team headed by OC City Police conducted eviction drive on Friday using a earth excavator.
However, use of excavator in the eviction drive was stopped following an understanding reached with shop owners.
Parents of three students have filed a complaint against UNACCO for not admitting their wards in the school for unjustified reasons.
Briefing the media at Manipur Press Club, mother of a student Lisham Ronaldo Meetei informed the three students who are denied admission in the school are his own son supposed to be admitted at Class VII, Class III student Lisham Jennifer and Tassit Kumar Wangkheimayum.
According to Lisham Sanatombi Devi, mother of Jennifer, following the declaration of the exam result on March 23, she went to the school on March 25 for admission. She continued that after she had deposited the admission fees for her son Ronaldo, she tried to deposit the fees for the daughter for admission to Class III.
However, she was denied from doing that. The school authorities did not provide her any justified reason for their action, when she enquired on it. She also claimed that the authorities tried to confiscate the fees receipt for her son Ronaldo as well. Similarly, another student Tassit was also denied admission.
All the three students hail from Lisham Leirak of Khongman Mayai Leikai Zone 3. She also claimed that on the night of March 25, school authorities had visited her residence and tried to refund the fees after informing that the money could not be deposited into the account.
She said there was no prior intimidation for the attitude of UNACCO and alleged the behaviour of the school authorities was to destroy the career of the young students.
Interestingly, she remarked that the locals of her residential locality had denied permission for UNACCO vehicles to enter their locality. Sanatombi then said there is no connection between such decision of the locality and admission of students hailing from the locality.
Seeking the attention of the student bodies of the state behind the action of the Managing Director of UNACCO N Irabanta Singh, she highlighted that UNACCO as part of expanding its school compound had brought loaded trucks of soil at Lisham Road. The school authorities had earlier assured that the loaded trucks were meant for preparing the road. Accordingly, they were allowed to bring in the trucks in their locality. However, frequent transportation of the loaded trucks began to worsen the condition of the road and led to the crumbling of the drainage of the particular road. As such, the locals had prevented the entering of the loaded trucks as it was doing more damage to the roads and drainage of the locality. UNACCO, on their part, had falsely filed a complaint that Irilbung police and local clubs of Khongman had prevented the entry of their trucks. Sanatombi further reported that a meeting was called on March 3 and March 5 to settle the matter. However, its managing director N Irabanta Singh did not come to attend the meeting. Surprisingly, on few nights, blank fires were shot following which the police came and confiscated a double barrel.
Later, after narrating the events that had occurred, she said it was not at all justified that three students hailing from that same locality be denied admission to the school on the basis of the dispute that rose out of bringing in loaded trucks into the locality, added Sanatombi.