The Peoples Chronicle

The Peoples Chronicle

Cornelius Lanah

With just six days to go into ADC poll, the heat of election fever is certainly picking up across the hill districts of Manipur. Argument about likes and dislikes of political parties, capabilities of candidates, roles of NSCN and the public being bribed for vote are never ending and it’s often fiery.

For NPF and its diehard fans, NPF is the saviour and solution to Naga problems. The rest are anti-naga and because of them Nagas will continue to live under the subjugation of the Indian Government and the Meiteis.

For INC and its age old fans, BJP is a communal force dictated by RSS & VHP and the banner lifted high by NPF ‘for the people of Naga & its solution’ is nothing but a hopeful joke that their grandsons will continue to tell, just like their grandfathers did to them.

For BJP and its newly acquired fans, INC is a dynasty politics who has lost the sense of solving Naga political issues and the ties between NPF and BJP could turn sore at New Delhi if NSCN continues to thrust aggression to vie for NPF candidates.

In the midst of these political criss-crosses there are 4 elements that are almost inseparable from election. I would like to call them as 4Bs of election fever.

The first B stands for Blessing: A politician who usually goes to Church 3 times in a year on the occasions of New Year, Easter and Christmas is often seen attending Church with a request to pray for success during election. In a similar way, a preacher who was invited and had gone to pray for a candidate goes on to pray for another candidate, each for victory in the same constituency! At the mass spoken prayer, the congregation roar in prayers with the choice of their candidate.

All I could think of is the movie God Must be Crazy and its dialogue…aiyaa-ya-ya-yah…aiyaa-ya-ya-yah… Had it been me in God’s place, I would be certainly confused which prayer to listen and who to grand victory. Thank God for his infinite wisdom to do justice to the prayers.

The second B stands for Bucks: Election is shopping time for candidates and for general public it means business. Relationship of families, pride of man, unions and associations are all up for grab at a price during election. More bucks well spent would mean more man, more unions and associations fending the candidate in the front line.

Alas! Your vote has been bought at a price before election. Now if you want to seek your candidate’s signature or need a favour to be done, you have to pay for it. You won’t be brought twice until next election. How about getting a job! Don’t even talk about it; just be ready with some lakhs.

The third B stands for Bottles: Election is here, come let’s drink and make merry for we know tomorrow it would be from our pockets. Foreign bottles which you’ve never seen or bottles which you have earlier fancied are right on your table with plenty of meat to eat. Let us eat and drink from a candidate today and go to another tomorrow. Only heaven knows who you voted for!

What a boost for the business of Bottles and meat during election! No wonder why nights are noisier during election. No wonder why fights and arguments are more during election and no wonder why some would even forget to wake up in time on the polling day. After all, where will the effects go when you’ve engulfed them!

The fourth B stands for Bullets: Right is not might but bullet is might. Decision is not yours but for bullets to take. You simply follow orders! Vote for the proposed candidate or be prepared to be beaten black and blue, or even risk to be crippled with bullets.

How long should bullet continue to silence individual rights? I am afraid; the wrath of the people may soon outnumber stocks of bullets if it continues with its might to deny adults to exercise franchise in a democratic way.

When fever is gone there won’t be any tender care by your bed. No more delicious food and no more spoon feeding. You will be back to the mercies of your own knee. You have to rise up early and carry out your daily chores, just like you were before. So to avoid been caught by election fever, make sure you wear something warm and take some tabs to boost your immune system. For those who are already down with fever, here’s a wish for your speedy recovery. Get well soon!

S.Kunjabihari Singh

The Modi government rode to power to form NDA (II) by securing first absolute majority in 30 years. It has completed 365 days of governance this last May 16. Right thinking persons have started to assess if the NDA government  had succeeded in transforming (initiating at the least) the nation at least in the areas of restoring transparency in administration and resultantly, in effecting productive  governance. The BJP secured votes largely on its promise for job creation and ensuring strong, determined government, of course, taking advantage of the anti-incumbency factor of the Congress.  While job creation would understandably take time, in the realm of cleaning governance, it’s time to award scores despite the common notion that one year could be a too small a yardstick to measure the performance of a government of the size of India.

 No doubt, there have been tangible success stories though setbacks too are on the records. Clearing of Bills on Insurance, Defense, Minerals and increased Foreign Direct Investment, Railways, Construction, auction of the controversial Coal Blocks fetching over INR 3 lakh crores etc. are great things. The common man is, however, is not really too enamored with these. They aspire for sources of income however small. The pegging of inflation at around 4 or 5% is a positive signal to the consumers. The ‘deregulation of diesel’, more funds to the states etc. for example, do not fascinate the lower middle class, the rural cultivators, and the illiterate, unemployed job seekers. If Modi talks about ‘red carpet’, not ‘red tap’, in his inimical style which definitely attracts the humor of the listeners, India still ranks a poor 142nd  among 189 countries on ‘Ease of Doing Business’. We can only contrast this scenario with the call often desperate for business in India. Little wonder, Modi couldn’t stimulate any enthusiasm of the Chinese business circle during his recent trip to China, Mongolia and South Korea.

The NDA government often blows its trumpet on its mission of taking steps to curb corruption, healthier coordination among bureaucrats, accelerated decision- making process; but people hear about victimization of upright officers too, who come forward to break the connivance of the powerful politicians and their coterie. The winds of change have left untouched the bureaucracy-politics alliance or better still, collusion. The old ‘steel- frame’ bestowed upon the civil servants of those years has long been mangled and twisted by the politicians though readily accepted by the other partner tempted by their own greed. It is widely accepted that the business community rate India’s bureaucracy as the most obstructive, inefficient and more importantly, not attuned to willingness and determination to produce. The Modi government, apparently, has not been able to break this latent, in-built unholy work culture, except for constant talks and repeated directions and memorandums on do’s and don’ts.

 In general, it has been a common knowledge that the new government has set in place quite a few reforms, injected as much stimulus to ease the economy slowly but surely. The reading however, is that the current initiatives and measures would not be enough to revive consumer sentiment of the majority population. The 22% or so population below the poverty line, (in 2012, though the official statistics often play foul of the ground realities in their anxiety to cover up apparent shortfalls), of the 127 crores strength of population of the country, would not be too enamored without a prospect for job creation. The PM’s initiative for a frontal attack on empowering the lower class population though, is a welcome respite.

 Only this May, to be precise, the beginning of the first week of May, three new social security schemes were launched. The Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojna offers a renewable one-year accidental death-cum-disability cover. The other, Insurance cover with a premium of INR 1 per day and yet another, Atal Pension Yojna focusing on unorganized sector, all focus on empowering the common man. Even before theses, the NDA has laid out ambitious schemes like the Jan Dhan Yojna which armed with Aadhaar are considered as a novel financial inclusion programme which can revolutionize India’s entire anti-poverty architecture where subsidies can reach the beneficiary directly into their bank account without leakage. These may not, prima- facie, eradicate poverty but could ease, the lives of the poorer section of the society, though not without strings, given the kind of hindering and uncooperative administration prevalent anywhere, anytime.

The recent nation- wide projects of developing 100 Smart Cities under a flagship programmes ‘Smart Cities Mission’ and rejuvenate another 500 under Atul Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation, across the country is a welcome step towards improving the living conditions of the masses though mostly the urban dwellers would get the benefit. The erstwhile national project, Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission of 2005 couldn’t be tapped adequately by Manipur with its low-floor buses withdrawn after a few months’ trial and being unable to achieve much headway in the areas of water supply and solid waste management.

 

   All these and many more are in the line, all for the benefit of the people. The concerted efforts of the three agencies, the Centre, the State and the Local Authorities are called foras a team. The bigger question is given the quality of work culture prevailing anywhere, anytime, considering the ugly nexus between the politicians including the local civic representatives and the bureaucrats, the babus and the disgruntled masses, could the intended benefits be delivered? What could be the missing link that properly nurtured and taken care of, the benefits of these large numbers of welfare and social sector schemes could percolate down?

 Can’t we think of ‘smart blocks or villages’ the ways ‘smart cities’ are conceived? After all the blocks are the units of development in the context of development planning and blocks are a conglomeration of villages. The importance for development of cities or for that matter, the urban areas need not be questioned. These are required considering the overriding importance for putting in place commensurate infrastructure for attracting investments which in turn would generate resources and create jobs. Even where such villages, one may call ‘Model Villages’ or ‘Smart Villages’, are identified on a selective basis for integrated development, apart from scarce funds and the expertise to handle such massive programmes, the more crucial need could be a collective determination, a kind of zeal to perform and deliver.

 A well- integrated, mutually reinforced local government set-up is a necessity but not sufficient. The villagers and the people in general are required to actively participate in the effort to develop their villages. But such a response from the inhabitants doesn’t come readily despite the fact that the benefit of improved conditions and facilities are squarely to be enjoyed by them. The villagers need to be properly counseled, motivated to come forward to lend hands to this endeavor.

 Who would take this onerous responsibility? It’s a difficult proposition. Someone, however, has to own up this leadership. The goal is to make changes in the way of thinking, attitudes of the people towards developing the village. There would be some need for some element of value system motivating not only the villagers, but also the business houses, the journalists, the academicians, the medical doctors, the engineers and other social leaders in and around the village. This stimulation of the people to voluntarily participate by changing their attitude to be committed to the movement for development without seeking any remuneration, salary or rewards from the villagers or the government is the crux of the movement. Who could be this person to act as a mentor?

The writer can be reached at: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Wednesday, 27 May 2015 00:00

Business incubators needed

The National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) of the Union ministry of statistics and programme implementation has found that smaller towns are surging ahead as hubs of jobs and entrepreneurial activity, beating larger cities and even metropolises. Big cities are also declining in industrial activities which are picked up by the smaller cities giving preference over the services sector. Moreover jobs are abundant in the smaller towns, according to the NSSO report. Among Class III towns — those with a population less than 50,000 — nearly 45% male workers and over 50% female workers were self-employed. In big cities or Class I cities with a million-plus population, the proportion of self-employed was only about 36%-38% for both men and women. Self-employed includes very small industrial or service sector units as well as shops. Compared with 2004-05, in 2011-12, the latest year for which this data is available through NSSO survey reports, there has been a general decline in self-employment while regular wage or salaried employment has gone up in all sizes of cities and towns. On examination of the report, smaller towns and cities are perhaps going through an evolution that big cities saw a couple of decades earlier. This evolution could be due to the smaller towns tying up with the rural economy, which provides jobs to an increasing proportion even from urban areas. The report is also an indication that towns in Manipur have a high potential to generate employment given the right working conditions. The government has promised jobs, albeit at election times, to the unemployed but lacked a proper policy in this regard. In the absence of such a policy, the promised jobs could never see light of the day.

On the rising unemployment problem in the state, labour and employment minister I Hemochandra regretted that despite being a comparatively tiny state with a small population, the government is unable to solve the problem of educated unemployed youths. While expressing regret, Hemochandra also said the problem related to increasing unemployment could be solved to a great extent in case emphasis is given to development of skills in diverse fields, without specifying any government move on how to increase skilling of the educated youths. His statement tantamount to a declaration that the educated youths are on their own and the government has nothing to do on how and where they can acquire employable skills. It is a fact that government jobs are almost saturated and people have to look beyond them, either for self-employment or join companies and start-ups, for a living. In this scenario, companies and start-ups are miniscule in the state, and self-employment needs a capital but uncertainty hangs over the success of such initiatives. Hence, it is the duty of the government to provide them confidence and working capital to such initiatives as government jobs for the masses are no longer an option. One novel initiative could be establishment of business incubation centres. In such centres, the government can help build business dreams and plans of innovative youths by providing funds and the right kind of facilities. It also can be a centre of providing skills to other educated youths. Once such business plans become a success, the government can either provide them business accelerators, help in getting further funds from financial institutes or asked the entrepreneurs to take it on their own from there. Unemployment being a huge issue in the state, the government and the ministers should now talk substance backed by policies and plans rather than making hollow promises, particularly during elections.

Illegal arms and ammunition from Myanmar were entering Assam and other states of the Northeastern region through several corridors including Bangladesh, with Mizoram and Nagaland becoming the main distribution centres, Assam Police director-general Khagen Sarma said here on Tuesday.

Sarma said despite most of the major insurgent groups getting weaker over the years, the illegal arms market in the Northeast continues to thrive, with smaller groups and criminal gangs procuring them.

“The earlier sea routes for bringing arms and ammunition through Bangladesh have been abandoned. Now they are using land routes from Myanmar. While some arms sneak in through the Nagaland-Myanmar boundary and land up in Dimapur, some come through Mizoram. Some arms are still trickling in from southern Myanmar via Bangladesh,” the DGP said.

Dimapur in Nagaland, the Assam DGP said had emerged as the main hub from where illegal weapons were being dispatched to different destinations. The Assam Police chief had on an earlier occasion described ULFA leader Paresh Barua as an important arms dealer in Southeast Asia.

When asked about the whereabouts of Paresh Barua, the DGP said the ULFA (Independent) leader was generally located in Myanmar, but on occasions also stays within Chinese territory. “But he keeps sending out video clippings to the local media just to prove his existence, despite the fact that his strength has declined and support-base almost finished,” the DGP said.

On the Bodo militancy front, the Assam DGP said that the joint operation launched after the December 2014 killings in Sonitpur, Kokrajhar and Chirang districts had led to death of 10 top NDFB(S) cadres, and arrest of 204 cadres and 139 linkmen. “All the camps of the NDFB(S) in Assam including its tactical base inside the Ultapani forest have been destroyed by security forces.

Wednesday, 27 May 2015 00:00

Teenage girl raped by neighbour

In a shocking incident, a 14-year-old girl has been raped by a married man, who resides next door. The rape incident happened on May 14 but the matter came to light only a few days back as the victim concealed her ordeal due to fear.

The accused namely Mayengbam Devloi, 43, of Elangkhangpokpi Mamang Leikai has been arrested by Waikhong police on May 23 and handed over to Thoubal police station for necessary action.

According to information received from the victim’s family members, the incident happened on May 14 afternoon at about 1.15 pm when the teenage girl went to the house of the accused as usual to play with her friends.

The victim girl found no one to play with her on the day. Taking chances of absence of people during the time, Devloi grabbed the girl’s hand and forcibly pushed the girl into his room and raped her while threatening to kill her if any alarm was raised. As Devloi threatened to kill the girl and her entire family members if the incident was made revealed, the girl remained silent for some days. As girl’s attitude changed all of sudden, parents and other family members questioned her during which the victimised girl revealed everything.

Immediately, father of the victimised girl mobilised locals and tried to get justice for the incident happened to her daughter. Consequently, the Development Youth Association of Elangkhangpokpi was approached on May 22 to get justice and on the following day Devloi was arrested by Waikhong police.

Wednesday, 27 May 2015 00:00

Bandh affects trade in Moreh

Even though there is no report of any major incidents related to the 48-hour bandh imposed along Imphal-Moreh section of national highway-102, the agitation seriously crippled trade activities in Moreh town on the first day Tuesday as commercial vehicles and passenger carriers ceased service.

The bandh, which commenced Monday midnight, is being called by a JAC to demand immediate shifting of a designated camp of Kuki National Liberation Front (KNLF) from Chelep village, under Tengnoupal sub-division in Chandel district.

Bandh supporters came out in large number since early morning to enforce the agitation at Saibol, Tengnoupal and Machi sections of the national highway. According to JAC spokesman and Chelep village chief L Thangboi Mate, the bandh was enforced to protest alleged callousness of the government to its demand for relocating designated camp of KNLF, an armed organisation of KNO conglomerate. He also cautioned that the JAC might resort to more intense agitation after the ADC elections in case the government remains indifferent to its demand.

Instead of addressing problems related to education, health care and shortage of potable water in Chelep and adjoining villages the government seems more focused on housing cadres of armed groups, Thangboi said  adding that the village already have designated camps of Kuki National Army, United Minority Liberation Army and Pakan Revolutionary Army and cannot accommodate any more armed outfits.

Explaining that designated camps of the other three outfits were established under an understanding between the villager and state authorities, he asserted that in case government of Manipur do not relocate the KNLF camp the villagers will vacate the area.

The village chief also observed that presence of armed cadres in the area would not only have adverse impact on the local populace, particularly the younger generation, but pose serious threat to the people.

He also clarified that Chelep villagers have no objection against presence of paramilitary camps in the area.

Wednesday, 27 May 2015 00:00

CM, DyCM salvo at BJP govt

Mincing no words chief minister O Ibobi Singh and deputy chief minister Gaikhangam lashed out at the BJP-led NDA government contending that barring tall claims, curtailing development funds and creating divisions in society, the Centre has not been able to live upto the people’s expectation.

Even as the CM accused the Central government of betraying trust of the people, Gaikhangam said neither United Naga Council (UNC) nor Naga People’s Front (NPF) leaders reacting against encroachment in Manipur sector of Dzuko Valley by Nagaland Government is a testimony that these organisations will never uphold interest of the Naga people.

Addressing a public meeting held Tuesday at Wunghal village of Ukhrul district, Ibobi sarcastically remarked “Atal Bihari Vajpayee-headed NDA government dreamed of ‘India Shining’ but could not last long and sunk. In the same way, the Narendra Modi-led NDA government  is dreaming of ‘Acche Din’ (better days), and this time too, the government will sink.”

The meeting was organised in connection with the ADC elections and celebrate 125th birth anniversary of Dr BR Ambedkar.

Claiming that union ministers campaigning for the polls made false promises, consequently violating election code of conduct, Ibobi said these ministers are also misleading the hill public by assuring funds for development in hill areas.

‘In fact, translating the assurances into action will not be possible without involvement of state government and they should know that they cannot jump authority of state government while delivering the ‘said’ funds, the CM maintained.

Asserting that India, today, has become a powerful country due to 60-year of rule by the Congress, he ridiculed so-called dreams and visions of Modi-government by insisting that even after one year of its existence there is no sign of any progress.

No BJP leaders who are in the central government have brought or declared any development projects for the state, except attending mere inauguration functions and scouting for sites to lay foundation stones, the CM said

On the other hand, Ibobi appealed to NPF to ensure the ADC polls are conducted in a free and fair manner.

Deputy CM Gaikhangam sharing his personal opinion on encroachment in Dzuko Valley, suggested that UNC and NPF leaders declare their stand on the issue.

Questioning commitment of NPF and UNC in upholding interest of the Naga people and expressing that remaining silent at such a crucial juncture is unwarranted, he wondered what course of action or measure NPF and UNC would take when interests and territory of Manipur Nagas are threatened.

Opining that NPF state leaders should take up the issue with the Nagaland government as they are in good terms, Gaikhangam said UNC, an apex Naga body, should also do something significant in this matter as ‘calling someone’s beautiful mother as own amounts to stupidity’.

The home minister said union ministers leaving aside their more important tasks and touring Manipur to campaign for ‘local body elections’ do not justify their positions.

Besides Congress candidates for various ADC segments in Ukhrul district, the meeting was also attended by ministers Govindas Konthoujam and Francis Ngajokpa, parliamentary secretary Victor Keishing, deputy speaker MK Preshow Shimray, MLA Yamthong Haokip and office bearers of Congress party.

Wednesday, 27 May 2015 00:00

State BJP celebrates one year of NDA govt

BJP national executive member Tapir Gao revealed that rebel group NSCN-IM has not issued any instructions to the people for supporting only NPF candidates in the ensuing ADC elections.

Confiding that the party has received positive response from people of the hill districts in connection with the ADC polls, the BJP MP claimed that information received from NSCN (IM) leaders confirmed that the outfit has nothing to do with reports about people asked to cast vote for NPF candidates.

Speaking at a celebration function of BJP-led NDA government completing one year in office, he called upon Naga or Kuki armed groups not to intimidate candidates of any political parties for such interference would amount to violating ground rules of peace agreement signed with the government. Instead people must be given the opportunity to decide the right candidate in the ADC elections, Tapir Gao said. 

The BJP leader, nevertheless expressed serious concern on report about some candidates contesting ADC election receiving threat from unlawful organisations, while drawing attention of the CM with the assertion that 'as you can forbid NSCN (IM) leaders from entering Manipur then you must also control unlawful elements from loitering freely in the state with arms and harassing the public'.

Expressing that it is the bounder duty of the chief minister to ensure that people of the hill area exercise their franchise rights without any inhibition, he suggested that state government take effective measures to ensure that armed cadres remain in their camps and abide by the ground rules.

Tapir Gao also asserted that within a year the Narendra Modi-headed central government has launched various schemes for welfare of the people.

As chief guest of the celebration function organised by BJP Manipur Pradesh at Dr Shama Prashad Mukherjee Hall in its Nityaipat Chuthek office on Tuesday, the parliamentarian said under the leadership of Narendra Modi, who declared self as ‘pradhan sevak’ not ‘pradhan mantri’, economic insecurity and inflation have been brought under control, corruption and indecisiveness removed making NDA a corruption-free government, supported farmers affected by natural calamities, ensured transparent auctioning for coal mines/production along with focusing on development of North East India. 

Moreover, welfare schemes including ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’, ‘Swachh Bharat Mission’, ‘Direct Benefit Transfer for LPG (DBTL) Consumer Scheme’, ‘PMSBY (accident insurance)’, ‘PMJJY (life insurance)’ and ‘Jan Dhan Yojna’ were also launched by the NDA government, he said and conveyed that more welfare schemes are in the pipeline.

The Atal Pension Yojna is also a scheme that will be launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on June 1 even as the government is working on policies under which loan would be provided for welfare of women vendors and for protection of tribals and minorities, Tapir Gao informed who also pointed that in sync with Modi’s policy to oversee development activities in the North East, one union minister must be in the NE States every fortnight to discuss issues and problems besieging NE states.

Contrary to the erstwhile UPA regime marked by hostility and non-existent economic policies with neighbouring countries, under the leadership of Narendra Modi foreign policy has been revamped for cordial relationship with international neighbours, which indeed is a landmark for the government, the MP maintained.BJP state president Th Chaoba, general secretary (Org) S Premananda Sharma, general secretary (Adm) M Ashwinikumar Singh, former presidents M Bhorot Singh and Sh Shantikumar Sharma, former Speaker Dr H Borbabu and national coordinator Om Prakash Sekhawat also attended the function.  BJP Uripok Mandal also celebrated first anniversary of the NDA government at its Lamboi Khongnangkhong office on Tuesday.

Maintaining that the Dzuko Valley row is an attempt on the part of the Nagaland government and some of its CSOs to illegally trespass on territory of Manipur and not a communal issue nor an issue concerning Naga community as viewed by Naga Hoho, Community of Civil Societies, Kangleipak (CCSK) cautioned people of the state against evil motive of Naga Hoho to shatter peaceful co-existence between two neighbouring states.

In a press communiqué, CCSK reacting against Naga Hoho asking valley based CSOs of Manipur not to interfere in the ‘family matters’ of Naga community said that the road constructed by the Nagaland based NGO inside Dzuko valley does not belong to Nagaland but is Manipur’s territory.  The area is dominated by Nagas of Manipur. There is no separate hills and plain in Manipur. Manipur is a hill state and only 1/10th of its area is in plain, it said.

The release further informed that Dzuko valley row is a boundary issue between Manipur and Nagaland and it is natural for CSOs of Manipur to condemn the wrongful encroachment by the Nagaland CSO of Nagaland.

Paolin, killed in firing by a combined team of 11 Para and 2 AR on May 23 at B Gamnom village under Yairipok police station was a civilian. He was shot dead after capture by the security personnel, claimed village chief Henkhothang Kipgen.

A team of media persons went to a have a first-hand report on the incident at B Gamnom village on May 25 and collected information from the villagers and chief of the village who witnessed the whole shoot-out.

According to reports culled from the place of incident, security personnel started firing towards a Church which is located just a few metres away from the residence of the village chief. It has been reported that the security personnel who were already in position in and around the village started firing towards the village from three different directions. There are also bullet holes in the walls of the village chief’s house.

It is informed that about one hour prior to the firing incident, six unidentified persons with a black coloured rucksack each came to the village. As soon as they arrived, they asked for food at the house of the village chief.

As the food was being prepared in the village chief’s house, the security personnel started firing from different directions. Soon after, the six unidentified persons ran away from the village chief’s residence along with the villagers leaving their rucksacks. The firing continued for about an hour.

The villagers and village chief Henkhothang Kipgen who were eye witnesses to the whole incident, informed media persons that Paolin, who was working in the Church also ran for his life towards the village.

However, he received a bullet in his legs and fell down at a distance of about 10 metres. As he was lying injured, the security personnel rushed towards him and dragged him towards a place where some bananas were grown and shot him to death.

They further informed that out of the six unknown persons coming to the village, two of the were seen running towards the main entrance of the village only to be shot dead by security personnel who were already stationed at the entrance gate.

The village chief and the villagers also informed that no weapon was recovered from Paolin at the time of his death. He was seen running along with a shovel and a sack which was used for carrying sand. He was not related with any underground organisations but was a labourer. He was shot to death by security personnel after being captured wounded.

None of the villagers were allowed to see the dead bodies and the identity of Paolin was established only after the security personnel took pictures of the body and showed to the villagers. The other two persons were also identified as those among the six persons who came to the village that day, they added.

The security personnel also took the rucksacks which were abandoned by the six unknown persons and did not disclosed what were in the rucksacks. It is also known whether the six persons who came to the village that day belong to any underground organisation. However, no weapons were in their possession when they arrived in the village, the villagers informed.

The villagers tried to block the security personnel from taking away the bodies but were forcefully taken away in a Gypsy. The villagers were blocked by Yairipok Police and Thoubal police commandos from further confronting with the security personnel.

The villagers also informed that the village had been already cordoned by security personnel much before the firing incident occurred. The security personnel were also accompanied by four Kuki language speaking persons.

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